第六章 SpringMVC文件上传

x33g5p2x  于2021-03-14 发布在 其他  
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(一)引入jar包
commons-io-2.4.jar
commons-fileupload-1.2.2.jar

(二)页面代码
(1) 页面-表单提交

<form action="../upload" id="form1" method="post" enctype="multipart/form-data">
<input type="text" name="uname"/>
<input type="file" name="photo" multiple="multiple" accept="image/*" onchange="preview(this)"/>
<button type="submit">提交</button>
</form>

(2) 页面-ajax提交

<form action="../upload" id="form1" method="post" enctype="multipart/form-data">
<input type="text" name="uname"/>
<input type="file" name="photo" multiple="multiple" accept="image/*" onchange="preview(this)"/>
<button type="button" onclick="doupload()">提交</button>
</form>

<script>
function doupload()
{
	var form=document.getElementById("form1");
	var fd =new FormData(form);
$.ajax({
	url: "../upload",
	type: "POST",
	data: fd,
	dataType:"json",
	processData: false, // 告诉jQuery不要去处理发送的数据
	contentType: false, // 告诉jQuery不要去设置Content-Type请求头
	success: function(data){
		console.log(data.result);
		}
	});
}
</script>

(三)springmvc 配置文件

<!-- 文件上传 -->
<bean id="multipartResolver"
class="org.springframework.web.multipart.commons.CommonsMultipartResolver">
<!-- 设置上传文件的最大尺寸为5MB -->
<property name="maxUploadSize">
<value>5242880</value>
</property>
</bean>

(四)控制器代码
(1)单文件上传

@RequestMapping("/register")
public String reg(Userinfo u, String[] hobby, MultipartFile upload)
{
    //文件上传
    String filename = System.currentTimeMillis()+upload.getOriginalFilename();
    
    File dest = new File("E:/apache-tomcat-8.0.29/webapps/upload",filename);
    try {
        //把文件从临时文件拷贝到目标地址上
        upload.transferTo(dest);

    } catch (IllegalStateException | IOException e) {
        
        e.printStackTrace();
    }
}

(2)多文件上传(注意,上传多个文件时,需要加@RequestParam注解)

@RequestMapping("/upload")
@ResponseBody
public String upload(String uname, @RequestParam MultipartFile[] photo)
{
	System.out.println(uname);
	for(int i=0; i<photo.length;i++)
{
	System.out.println(photo[i].getOriginalFilename());

	File f = new File("d:/io",filename);

try {
		photo.transferTo(f);
} catch (IllegalStateException | IOException e) {
		e.printStackTrace();
		}
	}
	return "{\"result\":true}";
}

(五)文件预览

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<meta charset="UTF-8">
<title></title>
<script src="js/jquery-3.2.1.js"></script>
<script>
function preview(obj)
{
	for(var i=0; i<obj.files.length;i++)
{
	var file = obj.files[i];
//限定上传文件的类型,判断是否是图片类型
if (!/image\/\w+/.test(file.type)) {
	alert("只能选择图片");
	return false;
}
	var reader = new FileReader();
	reader.readAsDataURL(file);
    
	reader.onload = function (e) {
	//base64Code=e.target.result;
	base64Code=this.result;
	$("#preview").append('<img width="200px" src="'+base64Code+'"/>');

		}
	}
}

</script>
</head>
<body>
<input type="file" multiple="multiple" accept="image/*" onchange="preview(this)"/> // accept="image/*"在手机上只弹出手机图库

<div id="preview"></div>
</body>
</html>

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