Java之SSM框架整合-案例【IDEA版】(一篇文章精通系列)Spring+SpringMVC+MyBatis(整合源代码)

x33g5p2x  于11个月前 转载在 Java  
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一、原生整合方式

1、创建数据库表

create database ssmtest;
CREATE TABLE `account` (
  `id` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
  `name` varchar(100) NOT NULL,
  `money` double(50,0) NOT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY (`id`)
) ENGINE=InnoDB DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;

2、创建Maven工程

删除一些没有用的文件以及将缺少的文件创建出来

清空web.xml留下这些即可

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app version="2.4" xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee/web-app_2_4.xsd">



</web-app>

创建目录结构

3、导入Maven坐标

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/maven-v4_0_0.xsd">

  <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
  <packaging>war</packaging>

  <name>itbluebox_ssm_demo</name>
  <groupId>cn.itbluebox</groupId>
  <artifactId>itbluebox_ssm_demo</artifactId>
  <version>1.0.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
  <build>
    <plugins>
      <plugin>
        <groupId>org.apache.tomcat.maven</groupId>
        <artifactId>tomcat7-maven-plugin</artifactId>
        <version>2.1</version>
        <configuration>
          <port>8090</port>
          <path>/</path>
        </configuration>
      </plugin>
    </plugins>
  </build>
  <properties>
    <project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
    <maven.compiler.source>1.8</maven.compiler.source>
    <maven.compiler.target>1.8</maven.compiler.target>
  </properties>

  <dependencies>
    <!--spring相关-->
    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
      <artifactId>spring-context</artifactId>
      <version>5.0.5.RELEASE</version>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.aspectj</groupId>
      <artifactId>aspectjweaver</artifactId>
      <version>1.8.7</version>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
      <artifactId>spring-jdbc</artifactId>
      <version>5.0.5.RELEASE</version>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
      <artifactId>spring-tx</artifactId>
      <version>5.0.5.RELEASE</version>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
      <artifactId>spring-test</artifactId>
      <version>5.0.5.RELEASE</version>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
      <artifactId>spring-webmvc</artifactId>
      <version>5.0.5.RELEASE</version>
    </dependency>

    <!--servlet和jsp-->
    <dependency>
      <groupId>javax.servlet</groupId>
      <artifactId>javax.servlet-api</artifactId>
      <version>3.0.1</version>
      <scope>provided</scope>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>javax.servlet.jsp</groupId>
      <artifactId>javax.servlet.jsp-api</artifactId>
      <version>2.2.1</version>
      <scope>provided</scope>
    </dependency>

    <!--mybatis相关-->
    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.mybatis</groupId>
      <artifactId>mybatis</artifactId>
      <version>3.4.5</version>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.mybatis</groupId>
      <artifactId>mybatis-spring</artifactId>
      <version>1.3.1</version>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>mysql</groupId>
      <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
      <version>5.1.6</version>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>c3p0</groupId>
      <artifactId>c3p0</artifactId>
      <version>0.9.1.2</version>
    </dependency>

    <dependency>
      <groupId>junit</groupId>
      <artifactId>junit</artifactId>
      <version>4.12</version>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>jstl</groupId>
      <artifactId>jstl</artifactId>
      <version>1.2</version>
    </dependency>

  </dependencies>

</project>

4、编写实体类

package cn.itbluebox.domain;

public class Account {

    private int id;
    private String name;
    private double money;

    public Account() {
    }

    public Account(int id, String name, double money) {
        this.id = id;
        this.name = name;
        this.money = money;
    }

    public int getId() {
        return id;
    }

    public void setId(int id) {
        this.id = id;
    }

    public String getName() {
        return name;
    }

    public void setName(String name) {
        this.name = name;
    }

    public double getMoney() {
        return money;
    }

    public void setMoney(double money) {
        this.money = money;
    }

    @Override
    public String toString() {
        return "Account{" +
                "id=" + id +
                ", name='" + name + '\'' +
                ", money=" + money +
                '}';
    }
}

5、编写Mapper接口

package cn.itbluebox.mapper;

import cn.itbluebox.domain.Account;

import java.util.List;

public interface AccountMapper {

    //保存账号数据
    void save(Account account);
    //查询账号数据
    List<Account> findAll();

}

6、编写MyBatisUtils工具类

package cn.itbluebox.utils;

import org.apache.ibatis.io.Resources;
import org.apache.ibatis.session.SqlSession;
import org.apache.ibatis.session.SqlSessionFactory;
import org.apache.ibatis.session.SqlSessionFactoryBuilder;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;

public class MyBatisUtils {

    private static SqlSessionFactory sqlSessionFactory;

    static {
        InputStream is = null;
        try {
            is = Resources.getResourceAsStream("SqlMapConfig.xml");
            sqlSessionFactory = new SqlSessionFactoryBuilder().build(is);
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            if (is != null) {
                try {
                    is.close();
                } catch (IOException e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
            }
        }
    }

    /** * 获得SqlSession */
    public static SqlSession openSqlSession() throws IOException {
        return sqlSessionFactory.openSession();
    }

    /** * 提交释放资源 */
    public static void commitAndClose(SqlSession sqlSession) {
        if (sqlSession != null) {
            sqlSession.commit();
            sqlSession.close();
        }
    }

    /** * 回滚释放资源 */
    public static void rollbackAndClose(SqlSession sqlSession) {
        if (sqlSession != null) {
            sqlSession.rollback();
            sqlSession.close();
        }
    }

}

7、 编写Service接口

package cn.itbluebox.service;

import cn.itbluebox.domain.Account;

import java.util.List;

public interface AccountService {

    //保存账号数据
    void save(Account account);

    //查询账号数据
    List<Account> findAll();

}

8、编写Service接口实现

package cn.itbluebox.service.impl;

import cn.itbluebox.domain.Account;
import cn.itbluebox.mapper.AccountMapper;
import cn.itbluebox.service.AccountService;
import cn.itbluebox.utils.MyBatisUtils;
import org.apache.ibatis.session.SqlSession;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;

import java.util.List;

@Service("accountService")
public class AccountServiceImpl implements AccountService {
    @Override
    public void save(Account account) {

        SqlSession sqlSession = MyBatisUtils.openSqlSession();
        AccountMapper accountMapper = sqlSession.getMapper(AccountMapper.class);
        accountMapper.save(account);
        sqlSession.commit();
        sqlSession.close();

    }
    @Override
    public List<Account> findAll() {
        SqlSession sqlSession = MyBatisUtils.openSqlSession();
        AccountMapper accountMapper = sqlSession.getMapper(AccountMapper.class);
        return accountMapper.findAll();
    }
}

9、编写Controller

package cn.itbluebox.controller;

import cn.itbluebox.domain.Account;
import cn.itbluebox.service.AccountService;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ResponseBody;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.ModelAndView;

@Controller
public class AccountController {

    @Autowired
    private AccountService accountService;

    @RequestMapping("/save")
    @ResponseBody
    public String save(Account account){
        accountService.save(account);
        return "save success";
    }

    @RequestMapping("findAll")
    public ModelAndView findAll(){
        ModelAndView modelAndView = new ModelAndView();
        modelAndView.setViewName("accountList");
        modelAndView.addObject("accountList",accountService.findAll());
        return modelAndView;
    }

}

10、创建save.jsp页面

<%@ page contentType="text/html;charset=UTF-8" language="java" %>
<html>
<head>
    <title>Title</title>
</head>
<body>
<h1>保存账户信息表单</h1>
<form action="${pageContext.request.contextPath}/save.action" method="post">
    用户名称<input type="text" name="name"><br/>
    账户金额<input type="text" name="money"><br/>
    <input type="submit" value="保存"><br/>
</form>
</body>
</html>

11、accountList.jsp

<%@ page contentType="text/html;charset=UTF-8" language="java" %>
<%@ taglib prefix="c" uri="http://java.sun.com/jsp/jstl/core" %>
<html>
<head>
    <title>Title</title>
</head>
<body>
<h1>展示账户数据列表</h1>
<table border="1">
    <tr>
        <th>账户id</th>
        <th>账户名称</th>
        <th>账户金额</th>
    </tr>

    <c:forEach items="${accountList}" var="account">
        <tr>
            <td>${account.id}</td>
            <td>${account.name}</td>
            <td>${account.money}</td>
        </tr>
    </c:forEach>

</table>
</body>
</html>

12、编写相应配置文件

  • Spring配置文件:applicationContext.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop" xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx" xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx.xsd http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop.xsd http://www.springframework.org/schema/context http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd">

    <!--组件扫描 扫描service和mapper-->
    <context:component-scan base-package="cn.itbluebox">
        <!--排除controller的扫描-->
        <context:exclude-filter type="annotation" expression="org.springframework.stereotype.Controller"></context:exclude-filter>
    </context:component-scan>

    <!--加载propeties文件-->
    <context:property-placeholder location="classpath:jdbc.properties"></context:property-placeholder>

    <!--配置数据源信息-->
    <bean id="dataSource" class="com.mchange.v2.c3p0.ComboPooledDataSource">
        <property name="driverClass" value="${jdbc.driver}"></property>
        <property name="jdbcUrl" value="${jdbc.url}"></property>
        <property name="user" value="${jdbc.username}"></property>
        <property name="password" value="${jdbc.password}"></property>
    </bean>

    

</beans>
  • SprngMVC配置文件:spring-mvc.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans" xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc" xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc.xsd http://www.springframework.org/schema/context http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd">

    <!--组件扫描 主要扫描controller-->
    <context:component-scan base-package="cn.itbluebox.controller"></context:component-scan>
    <!--配置mvc注解驱动-->
    <mvc:annotation-driven></mvc:annotation-driven>
    <!--内部资源视图解析器-->
    <bean id="resourceViewResolver" class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.InternalResourceViewResolver">
        <property name="prefix" value="/WEB-INF/pages/"></property>
        <property name="suffix" value=".jsp"></property>
    </bean>
    <!--开发静态资源访问权限-->
    <mvc:default-servlet-handler></mvc:default-servlet-handler>

</beans>
  • MyBatis映射文件:AccountMapper.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE mapper PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Mapper 3.0//EN" "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-mapper.dtd">
<mapper namespace="cn.itbluebox.mapper.AccountMapper">
    <insert id="save" parameterType="account">
        insert into account values(#{id},#{name},#{money})
    </insert>
    <select id="findAll" resultType="account">
        select * from account
    </select>
</mapper>
  • MyBatis核心文件:sqlMapConfig.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE configuration PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Config 3.0//EN" "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-config.dtd">
<configuration>

    <!--加载properties文件-->
    <properties resource="jdbc.properties"></properties>

    <!--定义别名-->
    <typeAliases>
        <!--<typeAlias type="com.itheima.domain.Account" alias="account"></typeAlias>-->
        <package name="cn.itbluebox.domain"></package>
    </typeAliases>

    <!--环境-->
    <environments default="developement">
        <environment id="developement">
            <transactionManager type="JDBC"></transactionManager>
            <dataSource type="POOLED">
                <property name="driver" value="${jdbc.driver}"></property>
                <property name="url" value="${jdbc.url}"></property>
                <property name="username" value="${jdbc.username}"></property>
                <property name="password" value="${jdbc.password}"></property>
            </dataSource>
        </environment>
    </environments>

    <!--加载映射-->
    <mappers>
       <mapper resource="cn/itbluebox/mapper/AccountMapper.xml"></mapper>
    </mappers>

</configuration>
  • 数据库连接信息文件:jdbc.properties

jdbc.driver=com.mysql.jdbc.Driver
jdbc.url=jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/ssmtest
jdbc.username=root
jdbc.password=root
  • Web.xml文件:web.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app version="2.4" xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee/web-app_2_4.xsd">

    <!--spring 监听器-->
    <context-param>
        <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
        <param-value>classpath:applicationContext.xml</param-value>
    </context-param>
    <listener>
        <listener-class>org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener</listener-class>
    </listener>

    <!--springmvc的前端控制器-->
    <servlet>
        <servlet-name>DispatcherServlet</servlet-name>
        <servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class>
        <init-param>
            <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
            <param-value>classpath:spring-mvc.xml</param-value>
        </init-param>
        <load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>
    </servlet>
    <servlet-mapping>
        <servlet-name>DispatcherServlet</servlet-name>
        <url-pattern>/</url-pattern>
    </servlet-mapping>

    <!--乱码过滤器-->
    <filter>
        <filter-name>CharacterEncodingFilter</filter-name>
        <filter-class>org.springframework.web.filter.CharacterEncodingFilter</filter-class>
        <init-param>
            <param-name>encoding</param-name>
            <param-value>UTF-8</param-value>
        </init-param>
    </filter>
    <filter-mapping>
        <filter-name>CharacterEncodingFilter</filter-name>
        <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
    </filter-mapping>

</web-app>
  • log4j.properties

#
# Hibernate, Relational Persistence for Idiomatic Java
#
# License: GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL), version 2.1 or later.
# See the lgpl.txt file in the root directory or <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/lgpl-2.1.html>.
#

### direct log messages to stdout ###
log4j.appender.stdout=org.apache.log4j.ConsoleAppender
log4j.appender.stdout.Target=System.err
log4j.appender.stdout.layout=org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
log4j.appender.stdout.layout.ConversionPattern=%d{ABSOLUTE} %5p %c{1}:%L - %m%n

### direct messages to file hibernate.log ###
#log4j.appender.file=org.apache.log4j.FileAppender
#log4j.appender.file.File=hibernate.log
#log4j.appender.file.layout=org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
#log4j.appender.file.layout.ConversionPattern=%d{ABSOLUTE} %5p %c{1}:%L - %m%n

### set log levels - for more verbose logging change 'info' to 'debug' ###

log4j.rootLogger=all, stdout

13、运行测试

运行成功

访问:http://localhost:8090/save.jsp

访问:http://localhost:8090/findAll

上述源代码下载地址:https://download.csdn.net/download/qq_44757034/23623766

二、Spring整合MyBatis

1、整合思路

2、将SqlSessionFactory配置到Spring容器中,扫描Mapper,让Spring容器产生Mapper实现类

3、配置声明式事务控制

<!--声明式事务控制-->
    <!--平台事务管理器-->
    <bean id="transactionManager" class="org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DataSourceTransactionManager">
        <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource"></property>
    </bean>

    <!--配置事务增强-->
    <tx:advice id="txAdvice">
        <tx:attributes>
            <tx:method name="*"/>
        </tx:attributes>
    </tx:advice>

    <!--事务的aop织入-->
    <aop:config>
        <aop:advisor advice-ref="txAdvice" pointcut="execution(* cn.itbluebox.service.impl.*.*(..))"></aop:advisor>
    </aop:config>

4、修改Service实现类代码

package cn.itbluebox.service.impl;

import cn.itbluebox.domain.Account;
import cn.itbluebox.mapper.AccountMapper;
import cn.itbluebox.service.AccountService;
import cn.itbluebox.utils.MyBatisUtils;
import org.apache.ibatis.session.SqlSession;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;

import java.util.List;

@Service("accountService")
public class AccountServiceImpl implements AccountService {

    @Autowired
    private AccountMapper accountMapper;

    @Override
    public void save(Account account) {
        accountMapper.save(account);
    }
    @Override
    public List<Account> findAll() {
        return accountMapper.findAll();
    }
}

运行测试

http://localhost:8090/save.jsp

http://localhost:8090/findAll

源代码下载地址:https://download.csdn.net/download/qq_44757034/23624132

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