移动端自动化测试 Appium 框架之数据驱动

x33g5p2x  于9个月前 转载在 其他  
字(8.3k)|赞(0)|评价(0)|浏览(81)

背景

自动化是为业务测试服务,如果数据与业务放在一起看起来不是专业,把数据与业务分离是完全必要的,这也是市场常见的数据驱动框架,今天咱们就聊一聊怎么搭建自己数据驱动框架。

前置条件

Appium 环境搭建成功,不会参考自动化工具之 Appium 入门文章,实在不会在参考网上怎么搭建。

  • 移动端自动化测试工具 Appium 快速入门

主要实现

UI 自动化框架元素放文本存储、数据存储、代码直接存储等其实随便那个都行,只有自己用者方便就行,我工作中用文本文件存储,这样修改方便,脚本放 SVN/Git 管理就行,UI 自动元素操作基本常见的就是 ID/NAME/XPATH 等这几种,咱们写一个工具转换类即可。

元素读取工具类

/** * 移动端元素定位 * * @return * @param: name */
    public By getLocatorApp(String name) {
        String locator = properties.getProperty(name.trim());
        String locatorType = locator.split(">>")[0].toLowerCase();
        String locatorValue = locator.split(">>")[1];
        if (locatorType != null && locatorType != null) {
            logger.info("获取元素key: " + name + "\t 获取的定位类型:" + locatorType + "\t 获取的定位表达式: " + locatorValue);
            // 根据 locatorType 的变量值内容判断,返回何种定位方式的 By 对象
            return getkeyVule(locatorType, locatorValue);
        } else {
            new RuntimeException("元素没有获取到!");
            return null;
        }

    }


    /** * 读取元素 * @param locatorType * @param locatorValue * @return By */
    public By getkeyVule(String locatorType, String locatorValue) {
        if ("id".equals(locatorType.toLowerCase())) {
            return By.id(locatorValue);
        } else if ("name".equals(locatorType.toLowerCase())) {
            return By.name(locatorValue);
        } else if (("classname".equals(locatorType.toLowerCase())) || ("class".equals(locatorType.toLowerCase()))) {
            return By.className(locatorValue);
        } else if (("tagname".equals(locatorType.toLowerCase())) || ("tag".equals(locatorType.toLowerCase()))) {
            return By.className(locatorValue);
        } else if (("linktext".equals(locatorType.toLowerCase())) || ("link".equals(locatorType.toLowerCase()))) {
            return By.linkText(locatorValue);
        } else if ("partiallinktext".equals(locatorType.toLowerCase())) {
            return By.partialLinkText(locatorValue);
        } else if (("cssselector".equals(locatorType.toLowerCase())) || ("css".equals(locatorType.toLowerCase()))) {
            return By.cssSelector(locatorValue);
        } else if ("xpath".equals(locatorType.toLowerCase())) {
            return By.xpath(locatorValue);
        } else {
            return By.tagName(locatorValue);
        }
    }

读取文件操作方法

public GetByLocator(String filename) {
        properties = new Properties();
        try {
            FileInputStream in = new FileInputStream((sysProperty.getProperty("user.dir") + "/comsevenday/src/main/resources/uiElement/" + filename));
            this.properties.load(in);
            in.close();
        } catch (Exception e) {
            logger.info("找不到文件:" + filename);
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

编写元素存放位置:

内容为:

#\u70B9\u51FB\u9996\u9875
clickCart=xpath>>//android.view.View[@content-desc='\u9996\u9875']

编写测试类

@Test
    public void ss() throws IOException {
        InputStream in = this.getClass().getResourceAsStream("/uielement/loginElement.properties");
        Properties properties = new Properties();
        properties.load(in);
        String to_shop_text1 = properties.getProperty("clickCart");
        System.out.println(to_shop_text1);
    }

验证结果:

元素等待查找工具类

import io.appium.java_client.android.AndroidDriver;
import io.appium.java_client.android.AndroidElement;
import org.openqa.selenium.By;
import org.openqa.selenium.support.ui.ExpectedConditions;
import org.openqa.selenium.support.ui.WebDriverWait;
import org.testng.Reporter;

/** * @author 7DGroup * @Title: WaitUtil * @Description: 等待查找元素工具类 * @date 2019/11/23 / 10:58 */

public class WaitUtil {

    public static void waitWebElement(AndroidDriver<AndroidElement> driver, By by, String name) {
        LogUtil.info("等待元素出现-->目前操步骤为:" + name);
        Reporter.log("目前操步骤为:" + name);
        WebDriverWait wait = new WebDriverWait(driver, 10);
        wait.until(ExpectedConditions.presenceOfElementLocated(by));
    }
}

元素定位类

package appout.appcase.data;

import appout.utils.GetByLocator;
import appout.utils.LogUtil;
import appout.utils.WaitUtil;
import io.appium.java_client.android.AndroidDriver;
import io.appium.java_client.android.AndroidElement;
import org.openqa.selenium.By;
import org.openqa.selenium.WebElement;
import org.testng.Assert;

import java.util.List;

/** * @author 7DGroup * @Title: CartProvider * @Description: this is * @date 2019/11/23 / 10:57 */

public class CartProvider {
    private GetByLocator getByLocator;
    private WebElement element = null;

    /** * 构造函数 */
    public CartProvider() {
        this.getByLocator = new GetByLocator("loginElement.properties");
    }

    /** * 点击首页 */
    public void clickHome(AndroidDriver<AndroidElement> driver) {
        WaitUtil.waitWebElement(driver, getByLocator.getLocatorApp("clickCart"), "点击首页");
        element = driver.findElement(getByLocator.getLocatorApp("clickCart"));
        element.click();
    }

    /** * 点击百宝箱 * * @param driver */
    public void clickbaibao(AndroidDriver<AndroidElement> driver) {
        WaitUtil.waitWebElement(driver, getByLocator.getLocatorApp("clickCart"), "百宝箱");
        String[] name = {"京东超市", "数码电器", "京东服饰", "京东生鲜"};
        for (int i = 0; i < name.length; i++) {
            element = driver.findElement(getByLocator.getLocatorApp("Jingdong_supermarket".replace("京东超市", name[i])));
            element.click();
            //断言
            assertTrue(driver, "assertTitile", name[i] + "跳转成功");
            //退回
            WaitUtil.waitWebElement(driver, getByLocator.getLocatorApp("home_back"), "退回");
            driver.findElement(getByLocator.getLocatorApp("home_back"));

        }
    }

    /** * 分类写法 * * @param driver */
    public void categorylist(AndroidDriver<AndroidElement> driver) {
        WaitUtil.waitWebElement(driver, getByLocator.getLocatorApp("categorylist"), "遍历分类");
        //获取全部数据挨个遍历
        List<AndroidElement> categorylist = driver.findElements(getByLocator.getLocatorApp("categorylist"));
        for (int i = 0; i < categorylist.size(); i++) {
            String text = categorylist.get(i).getText();
            //输出遍历name
            LogUtil.info(text);
            categorylist.get(i).click();
        }

    }

    /** * 收藏 * * @param driver */
    public void productdetail(AndroidDriver<AndroidElement> driver) {
        WaitUtil.waitWebElement(driver, getByLocator.getLocatorApp("productdetail"), "收藏");
        AndroidElement detail = driver.findElement(getByLocator.getLocatorApp("productdetail"));
        String attribute = detail.getAttribute("selected");
        if (attribute.equals(true)) {
            LogUtil.info("目前商品收藏,目前的属性为:" + attribute);
        } else {
            LogUtil.info("商品没有收藏,目前的属性为:" + attribute);
        }
    }

    /** * 统一判断是否通过 * * @param driver 传driver * @param elemn 定元素 * @param des 描述 */
    public void assertTrue(AndroidDriver<AndroidElement> driver, String elemn, String des) {
        WaitUtil.waitWebElement(driver, getByLocator.getLocatorApp(elemn), des);
        element = driver.findElement(getByLocator.getLocatorApp(elemn));
        String text = element.getText();
        if (text != null) {
            Assert.assertTrue(true, des + "验证成功");
        } else {
            //如果失败系统会自动截图
            Assert.fail("跳转失败");
        }
    }
}

// Assert.assertTrue("", "验证跳转成功");
// driver.findElement(By.id(""))

基础启动类

package appout.appcase;

import appout.base.DriverBase;
import appout.utils.LogUtil;
import io.appium.java_client.android.AndroidDriver;
import io.appium.java_client.android.AndroidElement;
import org.openqa.selenium.By;
import org.testng.Reporter;
import org.testng.annotations.BeforeClass;
import org.testng.annotations.Parameters;
import org.testng.annotations.Test;

import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;

/** * @author 7DGroup * @Title: LoginTest * @Description: 用例区域 * @date 2019/11/21 / 10:06 */

public class BestRuner {

    static AndroidDriver<AndroidElement> driver;

    public static AndroidDriver<AndroidElement> getDriver() {
        return driver;
    }
    /** * 初始化运行类 * * @param udid * @param port * @throws Exception */
    @BeforeClass
    @Parameters({"udid", "port"})
    public void BeforeClass(String udid, String port) {
        Reporter.log("步骤1:启动appium与应用", true);
        LogUtil.info("---这是设备ID号-->" + udid);
        LogUtil.info("--这是运行端口--->" + port);
        //通过路径获取包名与APP_ACTIVITY
        String apk = "com.jingdong.app.mall_70502.apk";
        driver = DriverBase.initDriver(port, udid, apk, true);
        driver.manage().timeouts().implicitlyWait(80, TimeUnit.SECONDS);
    }

    @Test(description = "初始化登录启动", testName = "进入首页", priority = 0)
    public void T001() {
        LogUtil.info("启动");
        driver.findElement(By.id("com.jingdong.app.mall:id/mj")).click();
    }

}

业务组合测试类

package appout.appcase;

import appout.appcase.data.CartProvider;
import org.testng.annotations.Test;

/** * @author 7DGroup * @Title: CartTest * @Description: 测试类 extends BestRuner * @date 2019/11/23 / 19:57 */

public class CartTest  {

    CartProvider cartProvider = new CartProvider();

    @Test(description = "点击首页百宝箱", testName = "点击百宝箱", priority = 1)
    public void T002() {
// cartProvider.clickHome(driver);
// cartProvider.clickbaibao(driver);
        System.out.println("调试");
    }

}

其他测试类集成,即可

总结

项目虽然小但包含了数据怎么存放,怎么获取,怎么换回成 selenium 识别的类型。

本文源码:

相关文章