Seata TCC模式-TCC模式

x33g5p2x  于2021-10-28 转载在 其他  
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项目源码: https://gitee.com/benwang6/seata-samples

一.TCC 基本原理

TCC 与 Seata AT 事务一样都是两阶段事务,它与 AT 事务的主要区别为:

TCC 对业务代码侵入严重
每个阶段的数据操作都要自己进行编码来实现,事务框架无法自动处理。
TCC 效率更高
不必对数据加全局锁,允许多个事务同时操作数据。

第一阶段 Try

以账户服务为例,当下订单时要扣减用户账户金额:

假如用户购买 100 元商品,要扣减 100 元。

TCC 事务首先对这100元的扣减金额进行预留,或者说是先冻结这100元:

第二阶段 Confirm

如果第一阶段能够顺利完成,那么说明“扣减金额”业务(分支事务)最终肯定是可以成功的。当全局事务提交时, TC会控制当前分支事务进行提交,如果提交失败,TC 会反复尝试,直到提交成功为止。

当全局事务提交时,就可以使用冻结的金额来最终实现业务数据操作:

第二阶段 Cancel

如果全局事务回滚,就把冻结的金额进行解冻,恢复到以前的状态,TC 会控制当前分支事务回滚,如果回滚失败,TC 会反复尝试,直到回滚完成为止。

多个事务并发的情况

多个TCC全局事务允许并发,它们执行扣减金额时,只需要冻结各自的金额即可:

Seata TCC事务模式

Seata 支持 TCC 事务模式,与 AT 模式相同的,也需要以下组件来支持全局事务的控制:

  • TC 事务协调器
  • TM 事务管理器
  • RM 资源管理器

下一节,我们还是以订单业务为例,来演示 Seata 如何实现 TCC 事务。

二.准备订单项目案例

项目源码:

1.新建工程,导入无事务版本

1. 新建empty工程 seata-tcc

工程命名为 seata-tcc,存放到 seata-samples 文件夹下,与 seata-at 工程存放在一起:

2. 导入订单项目,无事务版本

无事务版本的4个文件夹,解压缩到工程目录
1.下载项目代码
2.访问 git 仓库
访问项目标签

下载无事务版

1.解压到 seata-tcc 目录

压缩文件中的 7 个项目目录解压缩到 seata-tcc 目录:

2. 导入项目
- project structure 中添加moudle
	- double shift搜索add maven project

然后选择 seata-tcc 工程目录下的 7 个项目的 pom.xml 导入:

拖拽pom.xml文件,右键add as maven project

3.order启动全局事务,添加“保存订单”分支事务

在订单项目中执行添加订单:

我们要添加以下 TCC 事务操作的代码:

Try - 第一阶,冻结数据阶段,向订单表直接插入订单,订单状态设置为0(冻结状态)。

Confirm - 第二阶段,提交事务,将订单状态修改成1(正常状态)。

Cancel - 第二阶段,回滚事务,删除订单。

1.order-parent 添加 seata 依赖,

打开 order-parent 中注释掉的 seata 依赖:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>

<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
    <parent>
        <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
        <version>2.3.2.RELEASE</version>
        <relativePath/> <!-- lookup parent from repository -->
    </parent>
    <groupId>cn.tedu</groupId>
    <artifactId>order-parent</artifactId>
    <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
    <packaging>pom</packaging>
    <name>order-parent</name>
    <modules>
        <module>account</module>
        <module>storage</module>
        <module>order</module>
    </modules>

    <properties>
        <mybatis-plus.version>3.3.2</mybatis-plus.version>
        <druid-spring-boot-starter.version>1.1.23</druid-spring-boot-starter.version>
        <seata.version>1.3.0</seata.version>
        <spring-cloud-alibaba-seata.version>2.0.0.RELEASE</spring-cloud-alibaba-seata.version>
        <spring-cloud.version>Hoxton.SR12</spring-cloud.version>
    </properties>

    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-cloud-starter-netflix-eureka-client</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-cloud-starter-openfeign</artifactId>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.baomidou</groupId>
            <artifactId>mybatis-plus-boot-starter</artifactId>
            <version>${mybatis-plus.version}</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>mysql</groupId>
            <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.alibaba</groupId>
            <artifactId>druid-spring-boot-starter</artifactId>
            <version>${druid-spring-boot-starter.version}</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
          <groupId>com.alibaba.cloud</groupId>
          <artifactId>spring-cloud-alibaba-seata</artifactId>
          <version>${spring-cloud-alibaba-seata.version}</version>
          <exclusions>
            <exclusion>
              <artifactId>seata-all</artifactId>
              <groupId>io.seata</groupId>
            </exclusion>
          </exclusions>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
          <groupId>io.seata</groupId>
          <artifactId>seata-all</artifactId>
          <version>${seata.version}</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.projectlombok</groupId>
            <artifactId>lombok</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
            <scope>test</scope>
            <exclusions>
                <exclusion>
                    <groupId>org.junit.vintage</groupId>
                    <artifactId>junit-vintage-engine</artifactId>
                </exclusion>
            </exclusions>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>

    <dependencyManagement>
        <dependencies>
            <dependency>
                <groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
                <artifactId>spring-cloud-dependencies</artifactId>
                <version>${spring-cloud.version}</version>
                <type>pom</type>
                <scope>import</scope>
            </dependency>
        </dependencies>
    </dependencyManagement>

    <build>
        <plugins>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
                <artifactId>spring-boot-maven-plugin</artifactId>
            </plugin>
        </plugins>
    </build>

</project>
2. 三个配置文件
1.application.yml --事务组
spring:
  application:
    name: order

  datasource:
    driver-class-name: com.mysql.cj.jdbc.Driver
    url: jdbc:mysql://localhost/seata_order?useUnicode=true&characterEncoding=UTF-8&serverTimezone=GMT%2B8
    username: root
    password: root
  cloud:
    alibaba:
      seata:
        tx-service-group: order_tx_group

server:
  port: 8083

eureka:
  client:
    service-url:
      defaultZone: http://localhost:8761/eureka
  instance:
    prefer-ip-address: true
    instance-id: ${spring.cloud.client.ip-address}:${spring.application.name}:${server.port}

mybatis-plus:
  type-aliases-package: cn.tedu.order.entity
  mapper-locations:
    - classpath:/mapper/*Mapper.xml configuration: map-underscore-to-camel-case: true logging: level: cn.tedu.order.mapper: DEBUG ribbon: MaxAutoRetriesNextServer: 0 #默认1
2. registry.conf – 注册中心的地址
registry {
  # file 、nacos 、eureka、redis、zk、consul、etcd3、sofa
  type = "eureka"

  nacos {
    serverAddr = "localhost"
    namespace = ""
    cluster = "default"
  }
  eureka {
    # 连接eureka,要从注册表发现 seata-server
    serviceUrl = "http://localhost:8761/eureka"
    # application = "default"
    # weight = "1"
  }
  redis {
    serverAddr = "localhost:6379"
    db = "0"
    password = ""
    cluster = "default"
    timeout = "0"
  }
  zk {
    cluster = "default"
    serverAddr = "127.0.0.1:2181"
    session.timeout = 6000
    connect.timeout = 2000
    username = ""
    password = ""
  }
  consul {
    cluster = "default"
    serverAddr = "127.0.0.1:8500"
  }
  etcd3 {
    cluster = "default"
    serverAddr = "http://localhost:2379"
  }
  sofa {
    serverAddr = "127.0.0.1:9603"
    application = "default"
    region = "DEFAULT_ZONE"
    datacenter = "DefaultDataCenter"
    cluster = "default"
    group = "SEATA_GROUP"
    addressWaitTime = "3000"
  }
  file {
    name = "file.conf"
  }
}

config {
  # file、nacos 、apollo、zk、consul、etcd3、springCloudConfig
  type = "file"

  nacos {
    serverAddr = "localhost"
    namespace = ""
    group = "SEATA_GROUP"
  }
  consul {
    serverAddr = "127.0.0.1:8500"
  }
  apollo {
    app.id = "seata-server"
    apollo.meta = "http://192.168.1.204:8801"
    namespace = "application"
  }
  zk {
    serverAddr = "127.0.0.1:2181"
    session.timeout = 6000
    connect.timeout = 2000
    username = ""
    password = ""
  }
  etcd3 {
    serverAddr = "http://localhost:2379"
  }
  file {
    name = "file.conf"
  }
}
3.file.conf –
transport {
  # tcp udt unix-domain-socket
  type = "TCP"
  #NIO NATIVE
  server = "NIO"
  #enable heartbeat
  heartbeat = true
  # the client batch send request enable
  enableClientBatchSendRequest = true
  #thread factory for netty
  threadFactory {
    bossThreadPrefix = "NettyBoss"
    workerThreadPrefix = "NettyServerNIOWorker"
    serverExecutorThread-prefix = "NettyServerBizHandler"
    shareBossWorker = false
    clientSelectorThreadPrefix = "NettyClientSelector"
    clientSelectorThreadSize = 1
    clientWorkerThreadPrefix = "NettyClientWorkerThread"
    # netty boss thread size,will not be used for UDT
    bossThreadSize = 1
    #auto default pin or 8
    workerThreadSize = "default"
  }
  shutdown {
    # when destroy server, wait seconds
    wait = 3
  }
  serialization = "seata"
  compressor = "none"
}
service {
  #transaction service group mapping
  # order_tx_group 与 yml 中的 “tx-service-group: order_tx_group” 配置一致
  # “seata-server” 与 TC 服务器的注册名一致
  # 从eureka获取seata-server的地址,再向seata-server注册自己,设置group


  # order_tx_group 事务组,对应使用哪个协调器
  # seata-server 是注册表中的服务id
  vgroupMapping.order_tx_group = "seata-server"



  #only support when registry.type=file, please don't set multiple addresses
  order_tx_group.grouplist = "127.0.0.1:8091"
  #degrade, current not support
  enableDegrade = false
  #disable seata
  disableGlobalTransaction = false
}

client {
  rm {
    asyncCommitBufferLimit = 10000
    lock {
      retryInterval = 10
      retryTimes = 30
      retryPolicyBranchRollbackOnConflict = true
    }
    reportRetryCount = 5
    tableMetaCheckEnable = false
    reportSuccessEnable = false
  }
  tm {
    commitRetryCount = 5
    rollbackRetryCount = 5
  }
  undo {
    dataValidation = true
    logSerialization = "jackson"
    logTable = "undo_log"
  }
  log {
    exceptionRate = 100
  }
}
3. OrderMapper 添加更新订单状态、删除订单

根据前面的分析,订单数据操作有以下三项:

  • 插入订单
  • 修改订单状态
  • 删除订单

在 OrderMapper 中已经有插入订单的方法了,现在需要添加修改订单和删除订单的方法(删除方法从BaseMapper继承):

package cn.tedu.order.mapper;

import cn.tedu.order.entity.Order;
import com.baomidou.mybatisplus.core.mapper.BaseMapper;

public interface  OrderMapper extends BaseMapper<Order> {
    //创建正常订单
    void create(Order order);

    //创建冻结订单
    void createFrozen(Order order);
    //修订订单状态
    void updateStatus(Long orderId,Integer status);
    //取消回滚 删除订单,使用继承的方法deleteById()

}

那么对应的 OrderMapper.xml 中也要添加 sql:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE mapper PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Mapper 3.0//EN" "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-mapper.dtd" >
<mapper namespace="cn.tedu.order.mapper.OrderMapper" >
    <resultMap id="BaseResultMap" type="cn.tedu.order.entity.Order" >
        <id column="id" property="id" jdbcType="BIGINT" />
        <result column="user_id" property="userId" jdbcType="BIGINT" />
        <result column="product_id" property="productId" jdbcType="BIGINT" />
        <result column="count" property="count" jdbcType="INTEGER" />
        <result column="money" property="money" jdbcType="DECIMAL" />
        <result column="status" property="status" jdbcType="INTEGER" />
    </resultMap>
    <!--关键字必须加反引号-->
    <insert id="create">
        INSERT INTO `order` (`id`,`user_id`,`product_id`,`count`,`money`,`status`)
        VALUES(#{id}, #{userId}, #{productId}, #{count}, #{money},1);
    </insert>
    <!--创建冻结订单方法-->
    <insert id="createFrozen">
        INSERT INTO `order` (`id`,`user_id`,`product_id`,`count`,`money`,`status`)
        VALUES(#{id}, #{userId}, #{productId}, #{count}, #{money},0);
    </insert>
    <!--修改订单状态-->
    <update id="updateStatus">
        update `order` set  status = #{status}
        where id = #{orderId};
    </update>
    <!--删除订单-->
    <delete id="deleteById">
        delete from `order` where id=#{orderId}
    </delete>
</mapper>
4. 按照seata tcc 的实现规则,定义TccAction接口和实现
1.添加三个方法,实现TCC三个操作

第一阶段
Try - prepareCreateOrder()
第二阶段
Confirm - commit()
Cancel - rollback()

package cn.tedu.order.tcc;

import io.seata.rm.tcc.api.BusinessActionContext;
import io.seata.rm.tcc.api.BusinessActionContextParameter;
import io.seata.rm.tcc.api.LocalTCC;
import io.seata.rm.tcc.api.TwoPhaseBusinessAction;

import java.math.BigDecimal;

@LocalTCC
public interface OrderTccAction {
    /* 为了避开seata的一个bug,不使用封装对象 而是一个个的单独传递参数 */
    @TwoPhaseBusinessAction(name = "OrderTccAction")
    boolean prepare(BusinessActionContext ctx,
                    @BusinessActionContextParameter(paramName = "orderId") Long id,
                    Long userId,
                    Long productId,
                    Integer count,
                    BigDecimal money);

    boolean commit(BusinessActionContext ctx);
    boolean rollback(BusinessActionContext ctx);

}

实现类:

package cn.tedu.order.tcc;

import cn.tedu.order.entity.Order;
import cn.tedu.order.mapper.OrderMapper;
import io.seata.rm.tcc.api.BusinessActionContext;
import org.checkerframework.checker.units.qual.A;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;
import org.springframework.transaction.annotation.Transactional;

import java.math.BigDecimal;

@Component
public class OrderTccActionImpl implements OrderTccAction{
    @Autowired
    private OrderMapper orderMapper;

    @Transactional
    @Override
    public boolean prepare(BusinessActionContext ctx, Long id, Long userId, Long productId,Integer count, BigDecimal money) {
        orderMapper.createFrozen(new Order(id,userId,productId,count,money,0));
        //true表示成功
        //false表示失败
        return true;
    }
    @Transactional
    @Override
    public boolean commit(BusinessActionContext ctx) {
        //
        Long orderId = Long.valueOf(ctx.getActionContext("orderId").toString());
        orderMapper.updateStatus(orderId, 1);
        return true;
    }
    @Transactional
    @Override
    public boolean rollback(BusinessActionContext ctx) {
        Long orderId = Long.valueOf(ctx.getActionContext("orderId").toString());
        orderMapper.deleteById(orderId);
        return true;
    }
}
2. 三个方法都添加@Transactional注解,控制本地事务
package cn.tedu.order.tcc;

import cn.tedu.order.entity.Order;
import cn.tedu.order.mapper.OrderMapper;
import io.seata.rm.tcc.api.BusinessActionContext;
import org.checkerframework.checker.units.qual.A;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;
import org.springframework.transaction.annotation.Transactional;

import java.math.BigDecimal;

@Component
public class OrderTccActionImpl implements OrderTccAction{
    @Autowired
    private OrderMapper orderMapper;

    @Transactional
    @Override
    public boolean prepare(BusinessActionContext ctx, Long id, Long userId, Long productId,Integer count, BigDecimal money) {
        orderMapper.createFrozen(new Order(id,userId,productId,count,money,0));
        //true表示成功
        //false表示失败
        return true;
    }
    @Transactional
    @Override
    public boolean commit(BusinessActionContext ctx) {
        //
        Long orderId = Long.valueOf(ctx.getActionContext("orderId").toString());
        orderMapper.updateStatus(orderId, 1);
        return true;
    }
    @Transactional
    @Override
    public boolean rollback(BusinessActionContext ctx) {
        Long orderId = Long.valueOf(ctx.getActionContext("orderId").toString());
        orderMapper.deleteById(orderId);
        return true;
    }
}
5.在业务代码中调用 Try 阶段方法

业务代码中不再直接保存订单数据,而是调用 TCC 第一阶段方法prepareCreateOrder(),并添加全局事务注解 @GlobalTransactional:

package cn.tedu.order.service;

import cn.tedu.order.entity.Order;
import cn.tedu.order.fegin.AccountClient;
import cn.tedu.order.fegin.EasyIdClient;
import cn.tedu.order.fegin.StorageClient;
import cn.tedu.order.mapper.OrderMapper;
import cn.tedu.order.tcc.OrderTccActionImpl;
import io.seata.spring.annotation.GlobalTransactional;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;

import java.util.Random;

@Service
public class OrderServiceImpl implements OrderService{
    @Autowired
    private OrderMapper orderMapper;
    @Autowired
    private EasyIdClient easyIdClient;
    @Autowired
    private AccountClient accountClient;
    @Autowired
    private StorageClient storageClient;
    @Autowired
    private OrderTccActionImpl tcc;

    @GlobalTransactional //启动全局事务
    @Override
    public void create(Order order) {
        //远程调用发号器,生成订单id
        String s = easyIdClient.nextId("order_business");
        Long id = Long.valueOf(s);

        order.setId(id);
        /*//先临时随机产生id,加了发号器后,这行代码删除 Long id = Math.abs(new Random().nextLong());*/

        /* tcc是一个动态代理对象,不是原始的对象 用AOP切入了代码,会拦截调用,新建上下文对象并传入目标方法 */
        //冻结订单
        tcc.prepare(
                null,
                order.getId(),
                order.getUserId(),
                order.getProductId(),
                order.getCount(),
                order.getMoney()
                );

        //orderMapper.create(order);//创建正常订单
        // TODO:远程调用库存,减少库存
        storageClient.decrease(order.getProductId(),order.getCount());

        // TODO:远程调用账号,扣减账户
        //accountClient.decrease(order.getUserId(),order.getMoney());
    }
}
6.启动 order 进行测试

按顺序启动服务:

  1. Eureka
  2. Seata Server
  3. Easy Id Generator
  4. Order

调用保存订单,地址:

观察控制台日志:

查看数据库表中的订单数据:

4.storage添加“减少库存”分支事务

在库存项目中执行减少库存:

我们要添加以下 TCC 事务操作的代码:

  • Try - 第一阶段,冻结数据阶段,将要减少的库存量先冻结:

Confirm - 第二阶段,提交事务,使用冻结的库存完成业务数据处理:

Cancel - 第二阶段,回滚事务,冻结的库存解冻,恢复以前的库存量:

1.配置

有三个文件需要配置:

1.application.yml
spring:
  application:
    name: storage
  datasource:
    driver-class-name: com.mysql.cj.jdbc.Driver
    url: jdbc:mysql://localhost/seata_storage?useUnicode=true&characterEncoding=UTF-8&serverTimezone=GMT%2B8
    username: root
    password: root
  cloud:
    alibaba:
      seata:
        tx-service-group: order_tx_group
server:
  port: 8082

eureka:
  client:
    service-url:
      defaultZone: http://localhost:8761/eureka
  instance:
    prefer-ip-address: true
    instance-id: ${spring.cloud.client.ip-address}:${spring.application.name}:${server.port}

mybatis-plus:
  type-aliases-package: cn.tedu.storage.entity
  mapper-locations:
    - classpath:/mapper/*Mapper.xml
  configuration:
    map-underscore-to-camel-case: true

logging:
  level:
    cn.tedu.storage.mapper: DEBUG
2.registry.conf
registry {
  # file 、nacos 、eureka、redis、zk、consul、etcd3、sofa
  type = "eureka"

  nacos {
    serverAddr = "localhost"
    namespace = ""
    cluster = "default"
  }
  eureka {
    # 连接eureka,要从注册表发现 seata-server
    serviceUrl = "http://localhost:8761/eureka"
    # application = "default"
    # weight = "1"
  }
  redis {
    serverAddr = "localhost:6379"
    db = "0"
    password = ""
    cluster = "default"
    timeout = "0"
  }
  zk {
    cluster = "default"
    serverAddr = "127.0.0.1:2181"
    session.timeout = 6000
    connect.timeout = 2000
    username = ""
    password = ""
  }
  consul {
    cluster = "default"
    serverAddr = "127.0.0.1:8500"
  }
  etcd3 {
    cluster = "default"
    serverAddr = "http://localhost:2379"
  }
  sofa {
    serverAddr = "127.0.0.1:9603"
    application = "default"
    region = "DEFAULT_ZONE"
    datacenter = "DefaultDataCenter"
    cluster = "default"
    group = "SEATA_GROUP"
    addressWaitTime = "3000"
  }
  file {
    name = "file.conf"
  }
}

config {
  # file、nacos 、apollo、zk、consul、etcd3、springCloudConfig
  type = "file"

  nacos {
    serverAddr = "localhost"
    namespace = ""
    group = "SEATA_GROUP"
  }
  consul {
    serverAddr = "127.0.0.1:8500"
  }
  apollo {
    app.id = "seata-server"
    apollo.meta = "http://192.168.1.204:8801"
    namespace = "application"
  }
  zk {
    serverAddr = "127.0.0.1:2181"
    session.timeout = 6000
    connect.timeout = 2000
    username = ""
    password = ""
  }
  etcd3 {
    serverAddr = "http://localhost:2379"
  }
  file {
    name = "file.conf"
  }
}
3.file.conf
transport {
  # tcp udt unix-domain-socket
  type = "TCP"
  #NIO NATIVE
  server = "NIO"
  #enable heartbeat
  heartbeat = true
  # the client batch send request enable
  enableClientBatchSendRequest = true
  #thread factory for netty
  threadFactory {
    bossThreadPrefix = "NettyBoss"
    workerThreadPrefix = "NettyServerNIOWorker"
    serverExecutorThread-prefix = "NettyServerBizHandler"
    shareBossWorker = false
    clientSelectorThreadPrefix = "NettyClientSelector"
    clientSelectorThreadSize = 1
    clientWorkerThreadPrefix = "NettyClientWorkerThread"
    # netty boss thread size,will not be used for UDT
    bossThreadSize = 1
    #auto default pin or 8
    workerThreadSize = "default"
  }
  shutdown {
    # when destroy server, wait seconds
    wait = 3
  }
  serialization = "seata"
  compressor = "none"
}
service {
  #transaction service group mapping
  # order_tx_group 与 yml 中的 “tx-service-group: order_tx_group” 配置一致
  # “seata-server” 与 TC 服务器的注册名一致
  # 从eureka获取seata-server的地址,再向seata-server注册自己,设置group


  # order_tx_group 事务组,对应使用哪个协调器
  # seata-server 是注册表中的服务id
  vgroupMapping.order_tx_group = "seata-server"



  #only support when registry.type=file, please don't set multiple addresses
  order_tx_group.grouplist = "127.0.0.1:8091"
  #degrade, current not support
  enableDegrade = false
  #disable seata
  disableGlobalTransaction = false
}

client {
  rm {
    asyncCommitBufferLimit = 10000
    lock {
      retryInterval = 10
      retryTimes = 30
      retryPolicyBranchRollbackOnConflict = true
    }
    reportRetryCount = 5
    tableMetaCheckEnable = false
    reportSuccessEnable = false
  }
  tm {
    commitRetryCount = 5
    rollbackRetryCount = 5
  }
  undo {
    dataValidation = true
    logSerialization = "jackson"
    logTable = "undo_log"
  }
  log {
    exceptionRate = 100
  }
}

这三个文件的设置与上面 order 项目的配置完全相同,请参考上面订单配置一章进行配置。

2.StorageMapper 添加冻结库存相关方法

根据前面的分析,库存数据操作有以下三项:

  • 冻结库存
  • 冻结库存量修改为已售出量
  • 解冻库存

在 StorageMapper 中添加三个方法:

package cn.tedu.storage.mapper;

import cn.tedu.storage.entity.Storage;
import com.baomidou.mybatisplus.core.mapper.BaseMapper;

public interface StorageMapper extends BaseMapper<Storage> {
    //减少库存
    void decrease(Long productId,Integer count);

    //查询库存,用来判断有没有足够的库存
    Storage findByProductId(Long productId);
    //冻结库存
    void updateResidueToFrozen(Long productId,Integer count);
    //冻结 --> 已售出
    void updateFrozenToUsed(Long productId,Integer count);
    //冻结 --> 可用
    void updateFrozenToResidue(Long productId,Integer count);

}

对应的 StorageMapper.xml 中也要添加 sql:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE mapper PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Mapper 3.0//EN" "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-mapper.dtd" >
<mapper namespace="cn.tedu.storage.mapper.StorageMapper" >
    <resultMap id="BaseResultMap" type="cn.tedu.storage.entity.Storage" >
        <id column="id" property="id" jdbcType="BIGINT" />
        <result column="product_id" property="productId" jdbcType="BIGINT" />
        <result column="total" property="total" jdbcType="INTEGER" />
        <result column="used" property="used" jdbcType="INTEGER" />
        <result column="residue" property="residue" jdbcType="INTEGER" />
    </resultMap>
    <update id="decrease">
      UPDATE storage
      SET used = used + #{count},
          residue = residue - #{count}
      WHERE product_id = #{productId}
    </update>
    <!--查询库存-->
    <select id="findByProductId" resultMap="BaseResultMap">
        select * from storage where product_id = #{productId}
    </select>
    <!--冻结库存-->
    <update id="updateResidueToFrozen">
        update storage
        set Residue=Residue-#{count},Frozen=Frozen+#{count}
        where product_id = #{productId}
    </update>
    <!--冻结 &ndash;&gt; 已售出-->
    <update id="updateFrozenToUsed">
        update storage
        set Frozen=Frozen-#{count},Used=Used+#{count}
        where product_id = #{productId}
    </update>
    <!--冻结 &ndash;&gt; 可用-->
    <update id="updateFrozenToResidue">
        update storage
        set Frozen=Frozen-#{count},Residue=Residue-#{count}
        where product_id = #{productId}
    </update>
</mapper>
3.添加 TCC 接口,在接口中添加以下方法:

Try - prepareDecreaseStorage()
Confirm - commit()
Cancel - rollback()

package cn.tedu.storage.tcc;

import io.seata.rm.tcc.api.BusinessActionContext;
import io.seata.rm.tcc.api.BusinessActionContextParameter;
import io.seata.rm.tcc.api.LocalTCC;
import io.seata.rm.tcc.api.TwoPhaseBusinessAction;

/* 1.@LocalTCC 2.添加三个方法,都添加BusssinessActionContext 参数 3.T方法添加@TwoPhaseBusinessAction 4.T方法添加业务数据参数 5.需要添加到上下文对象的参数,添加@BussinessActionContextParameter */
@LocalTCC
public interface StorageTccAction {
    @TwoPhaseBusinessAction(name = "StorageTccAction")
    boolean prepare(BusinessActionContext ctx,
                    @BusinessActionContextParameter(paramName = "productId") Long productId,
                    @BusinessActionContextParameter(paramName = "count") Integer count);
    boolean commit(BusinessActionContext ctx);
    boolean rollback(BusinessActionContext ctx);
}

实现类:

package cn.tedu.storage.tcc;

import cn.tedu.storage.entity.Storage;
import cn.tedu.storage.mapper.StorageMapper;
import io.seata.rm.tcc.api.BusinessActionContext;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;
import org.springframework.transaction.annotation.Transactional;
import rx.Producer;

@Component
public class StorageTccActionImpl implements StorageTccAction {
    @Autowired
    private StorageMapper storageMapper;

    @Transactional
    @Override
    public boolean prepare(BusinessActionContext ctx, Long productId, Integer count) {
        Storage storage = storageMapper.findByProductId(productId);
        if (storage.getResidue() < count){
            throw new RuntimeException("库存不足");
        }
        storageMapper.updateResidueToFrozen(productId, count);
        return  true;
    }
    @Transactional
    @Override
    public boolean commit(BusinessActionContext ctx) {
        Long productId = Long.valueOf(ctx.getActionContext("productId").toString());
        Integer count = Integer.valueOf(ctx.getActionContext("count").toString());
        storageMapper.updateFrozenToUsed(productId, count);
        if (Math.random()<0.8){
            return false;
        }
        return true;
    }
    @Transactional
    @Override
    public boolean rollback(BusinessActionContext ctx) {
        Long productId = Long.valueOf(ctx.getActionContext("productId").toString());
        Integer count = Integer.valueOf(ctx.getActionContext("count").toString());
        storageMapper.updateFrozenToResidue(productId, count);
        return true;
    }
}
4.在业务代码中调用 Try 阶段方法

业务代码中调用 TCC 第一阶段方法prepareDecreaseStorage(),并添加全局事务注解 @GlobalTransactional:

package cn.tedu.storage.service;

import cn.tedu.storage.mapper.StorageMapper;
import cn.tedu.storage.tcc.StorageTccAction;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;

@Service
public class StorageServiceImpl implements StorageService{
    @Autowired
    private StorageTccAction tcc;
    @Override
    public void decrease(Long productId, Integer count) {
        tcc.prepare(null, productId, count);
    }
}
5.启动 storage 进行测试

按顺序启动服务:

  1. Eureka
  2. Seata Server
  3. Easy Id Generator
  4. Storage
  5. Order
    调用保存订单,地址:

观察 storage 的控制台日志:

查看数据库表中的库存数据:

5.account添加“扣减金额”分支事务

扣减金额 TCC 事务分析请见Seata TCC模式-TCC模式介绍
配置
有三个文件需要配置:

application.yml
registry.conf
file.conf
这三个文件的设置与上面 order 项目的配置完全相同,请参考上面订单配置一章进行配置。

1.AccountMapper 添加冻结库存相关方法

根据前面的分析,库存数据操作有以下三项:

  • 冻结库存
  • 冻结库存量修改为已售出量
  • 解冻库存

在 AccountMapper 中添加三个方法:

添加 TCC 接口,在接口中添加以下方法:

Try - prepareDecreaseAccount()
Confirm - commit()
Cancel - rollback()

实现类:

在业务代码中调用 Try 阶段方法
业务代码中调用 TCC 第一阶段方法prepareDecreaseAccount(),并添加全局事务注解 @GlobalTransactional:

启动 account 进行测试
按顺序启动服务:

Eureka
Seata Server
Easy Id Generator
Storage
Account
Order
调用保存订单,地址:
http://localhost:8083/create?userId=1&productId=1&count=10&money=100

观察 account 的控制台日志:

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